ggplot2 Warning – geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?

 

In this article you’ll learn how to handle the warning message “geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?” in R programming.

The table of content is structured as follows:

Let’s get started…

 

Example Data

Consider the following example data:

data <- data.frame(x = LETTERS[1:5],    # Example data
                   y = c(3, 1, 6, 3, 5))
data                                    # Print data
#   x y
# 1 A 3
# 2 B 1
# 3 C 6
# 4 D 3
# 5 E 5

Have a look at the previous RStudio console output. It shows that our example data has two columns x and y. The variable x is a factor and the variable y has the numeric class.

 

Example 1: Reproducing Warning – geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?

The following R syntax shows how to replicate the warning message “geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?”.

This warning appears when drawing plots with the ggplot2 package. Therefore, we first need to install and load the ggplot2 package, if we want to use the corresponding functions:

install.packages("ggplot2")             # Install ggplot2 package
library("ggplot2")                      # Load ggplot2

Now, we may try to create a ggplot2 line plot as shown below:

ggplot(data, aes(x, y)) +               # Trying to draw line plot
  geom_point() +
  geom_line()
# geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?

 

r graph figure 1 ggplot2 geom_path each group only one observation r

 

As shown in Figure 1, the previous syntax created a scatterplot instead of a line plot. Furthermore, we received the warning message “geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?”.

 

Example 2: Fixing Warning – geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?

The following R programming code shows how to fix the geom_path warning message that we have seen in Example 1. For this, we need to specify the group argument within the aes function to be equal to 1:

ggplot(data, aes(x, y, group = 1)) +    # Specifying group = 1
  geom_point() +
  geom_line()

 

r graph figure 2 ggplot2 geom_path each group only one observation r

 

Figure 2 shows the output of the previous R code – A line chart created by the ggplot2 package. Looks good!

 

Video, Further Resources & Summary

Would you like to know more about warnings and errors in R? Then you may have a look at the following video of my YouTube channel. I explain the contents of this post in the video:

 

The YouTube video will be added soon.

 

Besides the video, you might read the related tutorials of my website. I have published several articles about similar topics such as drawing numeric values with the ggplot2 package already:

 

Summary: In this tutorial, I illustrated how to handle the warning “geom_path: Each group consists of only one observation. Do you need to adjust the group aesthetic?” in R programming. Please tell me about it in the comments section below, in case you have any further comments and/or questions.

 

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