# Change Number of Decimal Places on Axis Tick Labels of Plot in R (2 Examples)

In this article, I’ll explain how to **modify the number of decimals on the axis tick labels of a plot** in the R programming language.

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## Creation of Example Data

Have a look at the following example data.

data <- data.frame(x = seq(0.5, 1, 0.1), # Create example data frame y = c(5, 2, 9, 7, 5, 9)) data # Print example data frame |

data <- data.frame(x = seq(0.5, 1, 0.1), # Create example data frame y = c(5, 2, 9, 7, 5, 9)) data # Print example data frame

Table 1 shows the structure of our example data: It contains six rows and two numerical variables.

## Example 1: Change Number of Axis Label Decimals in Base R Plot

In Example 1, I’ll explain how to adjust the decimal places on axis tick labels of a Base R graphic.

Let’s first draw a Base R plot with default axis settings:

plot(data) # Draw Base R plot with default decimals |

plot(data) # Draw Base R plot with default decimals

As shown in Figure 1, we have plotted a Base R scatterplot with only one decimal place on the x-axis by running the previous R syntax.

If we want to change the number of decimal places, we first have to specify the axis positions at which the new labels should be added:

my_label_positions <- seq(min(data$x), # Specify axis positions of labels max(data$x), length = 6) my_label_positions # Print axis positions of labels # [1] 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 |

my_label_positions <- seq(min(data$x), # Specify axis positions of labels max(data$x), length = 6) my_label_positions # Print axis positions of labels # [1] 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

Next, we can use the sprintf function to create a character vector containing our axis tick labels with a different number of decimal places:

my_labels <- sprintf(my_label_positions, # Specify axis labels fmt = '%#.3f') my_labels # Print axis labels # [1] "0.500" "0.600" "0.700" "0.800" "0.900" "1.000" |

my_labels <- sprintf(my_label_positions, # Specify axis labels fmt = '%#.3f') my_labels # Print axis labels # [1] "0.500" "0.600" "0.700" "0.800" "0.900" "1.000"

Finally, we can use the axis function to manually add our new axis tick labels to our plot:

plot(data, # Draw Base R plot without x-axis xaxt = "n") axis(1, # Manually add axis tick labels at = my_label_positions, labels = my_labels) |

plot(data, # Draw Base R plot without x-axis xaxt = "n") axis(1, # Manually add axis tick labels at = my_label_positions, labels = my_labels)

After running the previous R syntax the Base R scatterplot with manually specified decimal places on the x-axis shown in Figure 2 has been created.

## Example 2: Change Number of Axis Label Decimals in ggplot2 Plot

In Example 2, I’ll explain how to change the number of decimals in ggplot2 graphs.

First, we need to install and load the ggplot2 package:

install.packages("ggplot2") # Install ggplot2 package library("ggplot2") # Load ggplot2 package |

install.packages("ggplot2") # Install ggplot2 package library("ggplot2") # Load ggplot2 package

In the next step, we can create a default ggplot2 plot as shown below:

ggp <- ggplot(data, aes(x, y)) + # Create ggplot2 plot with default decimals geom_point() ggp # Draw ggplot2 plot with default decimals |

ggp <- ggplot(data, aes(x, y)) + # Create ggplot2 plot with default decimals geom_point() ggp # Draw ggplot2 plot with default decimals

As shown in Figure 3, the previous R code has created a ggplot2 scatterplot with a default number of digits after the decimal point.

In order to modify the decimal places on our axis labels, we need to install and load the scales package.

install.packages("scales") # Install scales package library("scales") # Load scales |

install.packages("scales") # Install scales package library("scales") # Load scales

Now, we can apply the number_format function and the to specify the accuracy argument to specify a certain accuracy of our axis tick labels.

Note that the following R syntax uses the scale_x_continuous function to change the x-axis values. If we would like to adjust the y-axis, we would have to use the scale_y_continuous function instead.

However, let’s draw our graphic:

ggp + # Modify decimal places on ggplot2 plot axis scale_x_continuous(labels = number_format(accuracy = 0.001)) |

ggp + # Modify decimal places on ggplot2 plot axis scale_x_continuous(labels = number_format(accuracy = 0.001))

Figure 4 reveals the output of the previous code – A ggplot2 scatterplot with more decimal places on the x-axis.

## Video & Further Resources

Have a look at the following video on my YouTube channel. I’m explaining the R programming codes of this article in the video:

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In addition, you might read the other tutorials on my homepage. A selection of tutorials is shown below.

- Change Formatting of Numbers of ggplot2 Plot Axis
- Add X & Y Axis Labels to ggplot2 Plot
- Change Labels of ggplot2 Facet Plot
- Wrap Long Axis Labels of ggplot2 Plot into Multiple Lines
- Draw Plot with Actual Values as Axis Ticks & Labels
- Rotate Axis Labels of Base R Plot
- R Graphics Gallery
- All R Programming Examples

You have learned on this page how to **change the number of decimal places on the axis tick labels of a plot** in the R programming language. If you have additional comments or questions, let me know in the comments section.

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