Run Multiple Regression Models in for-Loop in R (Example)


In this article, I’ll show how to estimate multiple regression models in a for-loop in the R programming language.

Table of contents:

If you want to know more about these topics, keep reading…


Introducing Example Data

The following data is used as basement for this R programming tutorial:

set.seed(98274)                          # Creating example data
y <- rnorm(1000)
x1 <- rnorm(1000) + 0.2 * y
x2 <- rnorm(1000) + 0.2 * x1 + 0.1 * y
x3 <- rnorm(1000) - 0.1 * x1 + 0.3 * x2 - 0.3 * y
data <- data.frame(y, x1, x2, x3)
head(data)                               # Head of data
#            y         x1         x2          x3
# 1  0.5587036 -0.3779533 -0.5320515 -0.92069263
# 2  0.8422515 -1.3835572  1.2782521  0.87967960
# 3 -0.5395343 -0.9729798 -0.1515273 -0.05973894
# 4 -0.3522260  1.2977564 -0.3512013 -0.77239810
# 5  1.5848675 -1.3152806 -2.3644414 -1.14651812
# 6  0.2207957  1.8860636  0.1967851 -0.04963894

As you can see based on the previous RStudio console output, our example data consists of four numeric columns. The first variable is our regression outcome and the three other variables are our predictors.


Example: Running Multiple Linear Regression Models in for-Loop

In this Example, I’ll show how to run three regression models within a for-loop in R. In each for-loop iteration, we are increasing the complexity of our model by adding another predictor variable to the model.

First, we have to create a list in which we will store the outputs of our for-loop iterations:

mod_summaries <- list()                  # Create empty list

Now, we can write a for-loop that runs multiple linear regression models as shown below:

for(i in 2:ncol(data)) {                 # Head of for-loop
  predictors_i <- colnames(data)[2:i]    # Create vector of predictor names
  mod_summaries[[i - 1]] <- summary(     # Store regression model summary in list
    lm(y ~ ., data[ , c("y", predictors_i)]))

Let’s have a look at the output of our previously executed for-loop:

mod_summaries                            # Return summaries of all models


multiple linear regressions executed in a for-loop in r


As you can see in Figure 1, we have created a list containing three different summary statistics of three different linear regressions.


Video, Further Resources & Summary

If you need further explanations on the content of this tutorial, I can recommend having a look at the following video that I have published on my YouTube channel.

In the video, I’m explaining how top loop and repeat the estimation of multiple regression models using the R programming syntax of this tutorial in RStudio.


The YouTube video will be added soon.


In addition, you may want to read the other R programming tutorials of my homepage.


Summary: At this point you should know how to write a for-loop executing several linear regressions in R programming. Please let me know in the comments below, in case you have further questions. Furthermore, please subscribe to my email newsletter to receive updates on new articles.


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