# Add Legend without Border & White Background to Plot in R (Example)

In this tutorial, I’ll explain how to add a legend with white border and background to a graph in R.

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So let’s do this.

## Example Data

We use the following data as basement for this R tutorial:

```x <- 1:12 # Create example data y <- 12:1 group <- rep(1:4, each = 3)```

Now, we can draw our data in a Base R scatterplot as follows:

```plot(x, y, # Draw data col = group, pch = 16) abline(v = 1:12) # Adding ablines to plot legend(x = 10, # Add legend with borders y = 12, legend = LETTERS[1:4], col = 1:4, pch = 16)``` Figure 1 visualizes the output of the previous code – A plot that contains a default legend with borders.

## Example: Adding Legend without Borders & White Background to Plot

This example explains how to draw a legend without borders and a white background to our graphic. Have a look at the following R code and the resulting graph:

```plot(x, y, # Draw data col = group, pch = 16) abline(v = 1:12) # Adding ablines to plot legend(x = 10, # Add legend without borders y = 12, legend = LETTERS[1:4], col = 1:4, pch = 16, box.col = "white") # White border color``` As revealed in Figure 2, the previous R code created a legend with white border and background. All we had to do was to add the box.col = “white” argument to the legend function.

## Video, Further Resources & Summary

Have a look at the following video of my YouTube channel. In the video tutorial, I’m illustrating the R programming codes of this tutorial:

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Additionally, you may have a look at the other tutorials of this website:

To summarize: On this page you learned how to draw a white legend in R programming. Let me know in the comments section, if you have any additional questions.

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