# textxy() Function of calibrate Package in R (4 Examples)

In this tutorial you’ll learn how to apply the textxy function to add text labels to plots in the R programming language.

The content of the tutorial looks like this:

Let’s dig in.

## Example Data, Software Packages & Default Plot

Have a look at the following example data:

```data <- data.frame(x = 5:9,        # Create example data frame
y = 1:5)
data                               # Print example data frame``` Table 1 shows the structure of our example data: It comprises five observations and two integer columns.

Next, we can plot the data in a scatterplot without any additional text elements:

`plot(data)                         # Draw plot without text` After executing the previous R programming syntax the Base R scatterplot shown in Figure 1 has been created.

For the following tutorial, we’ll also have to install and load the calibrate package to RStudio:

```install.packages("calibrate")      # Install & load calibrate package
library("calibrate")```

After installing and loading the calibrate package, we can apply the textxy function that we will use in the following examples of this tutorial.

Let’s do this!

## Example 1: Basic Application of textxy() Function

The following syntax explains how to use the textxy command to add a simple text element with default specification to a Base R plot.

Consider the following R syntax:

```plot(data)                         # Draw plot without text
textxy(X = 6,                      # Add text to plot
Y = 3,
labs = "My Text")``` As you can see in Figure 1, we have added a single text element at the xy-coordinates 6 and 3.

## Example 2: Add Multiple Text Elements Using textxy() Function

Example 2 explains how to insert multiple text elements to a graphic using a single call of the textxy function.

To achieve this, we have to specify a vector to each of the arguments within the textxy command:

```plot(data)                         # Draw plot without text
textxy(X = c(6, 7, 8.5),           # Add text to plot
Y = c(3, 2, 4),
labs = paste("My Text", 1:3))``` Figure 2 visualizes our updated graph. We have annotated several different text elements to this plot.

## Example 3: Modify Font Size of Text Elements Using textxy() Function

The following R code shows how to change the font size of the text elements added by the textxy function.

For this task, we have to increase or decrease the cex argument:

```plot(data)                         # Draw plot without text
textxy(X = 6,                      # Add text to plot
Y = 3,
labs = "My Text",
cex = 2)                    # Specify size of font``` ## Example 4: Modify Color of Text Elements Using textxy() Function

The following R programming code demonstrates how to change the color of our text element using the col argument:

```plot(data)                         # Draw plot without text
textxy(X = 6,                      # Add text to plot
Y = 3,
labs = "My Text",
cex = 2,                    # Specify size of font
col = 2)                    # Specify color``` In this case, we have used the color red. However, you may use any hex color code that you want.

## Video & Further Resources

Do you need more explanations on the R programming syntax of this article? Then you might want to have a look at the following video on my YouTube channel. In the video, I’m explaining the topics of this article:

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Furthermore, you might read some of the related articles on this website:

You have learned in this article how to apply the textxy function in the R programming language. Don’t hesitate to let me know in the comments, if you have further comments or questions.

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