# Plot Correlation Matrix in Python Matplotlib & seaborn (2 Examples)

Hi! This tutorial will demonstrate how to **visualize a correlation matrix in Maplotlib and seaborn** in Python.

Here is an overview:

Letâ€™s get into the Python code!

## Install & Import Matplotlib, seaborn & NumPy

To install and import Matplotlib, seaborn and NumPy, run the lines of code below in your preferred Python programming IDE:

# install Matplotlib, seaborn & NumPy pip install matplotlib seaborn numpy # import Matplotlib, seaborn & NumPy import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import seaborn as sns import numpy as np

Now that we have installed and imported Matplotlib, seaborn and NumPy into our Python programming environment, we will now create our example dataset.

## Create Example Dataset

In this tutorial, we will make use of the popular iris dataset as our example dataset, and you can load it from seaborn. You can follow along with any dataset of your choice too.

To load and preview the first 10 rows of the dataset, run the lines of code below:

df = sns.load_dataset("iris") df.head(10) # sepal_length sepal_width petal_length petal_width species #0 5.1 3.5 1.4 0.2 setosa #1 4.9 3.0 1.4 0.2 setosa #2 4.7 3.2 1.3 0.2 setosa #3 4.6 3.1 1.5 0.2 setosa #4 5.0 3.6 1.4 0.2 setosa #5 5.4 3.9 1.7 0.4 setosa #6 4.6 3.4 1.4 0.3 setosa #7 5.0 3.4 1.5 0.2 setosa #8 4.4 2.9 1.4 0.2 setosa #9 4.9 3.1 1.5 0.1 setosa

With our example dataset loaded, we will now demonstrate how to visualize correlations in both Matplotlib and seaborn.

## Example 1: Visualize Correlation Matrix in Matplotlib

In this example, we will build a heatmap to visualize the correlation among the numeric columns of the dataset:

corr_matrix = df.corr() plt.figure(figsize=(10, 8)) # Plot the matrix plt.matshow(corr_matrix, cmap="viridis") # Set ticks plt.xticks(range(len(corr_matrix.columns)), corr_matrix.columns, rotation="vertical") plt.yticks(range(len(corr_matrix.columns)), corr_matrix.columns) # Add color bar plt.colorbar() # Add text annotations for i in range(len(corr_matrix.columns)): for j in range(len(corr_matrix.columns)): plt.text(j, i, f"{corr_matrix.iloc[i, j]:.2f}", ha="center", va="center", color="w") plt.show()

First, we have created a correlation matrix from the iris dataset. Then, we set up a figure with a size of 10 by 8 inches using plt.figure().

The plt.matshow() method is then used to display the correlation matrix of the DataFrame as a heatmap, with the `"viridis"`

colormap applied.

The x-axis and y-axis labels are set to the column names of the DataFrame, and the y-axis labels are rotated vertically for better readability. A color bar is added to indicate the correlation values using plt.colorbar().

Additionally, for each cell in the heatmap, we iterate through the correlation matrix, adding annotations displaying the correlation coefficients rounded to two decimal places. The annotations are positioned at the center of each cell and are displayed in white.

Finally, the plt.show() command is used to display the complete heatmap plot.

## Example 2: Visualize Correlation Matrix in seaborn

Here, we will also build a heatmap to visualize the correlation among the numeric columns in the dataset:

corr_matrix = df.corr() sns.heatmap(corr_matrix, annot = True) plt.show()

To generate the heatmap, the sns.heatmap() method is used with the argument `corr_matrix`

to calculate the correlation coefficients between different pairs of columns in the DataFrame.

The resulting heatmap provides a color-coded representation of these correlation values, where warmer colors indicate stronger positive correlations, cooler colors represent stronger negative correlations, and neutral colors denote weaker or no correlations.

The `annot = True`

parameter adds numerical annotations to each cell of the heatmap, displaying the precise correlation values.

Finally, plt.show() is used to display the generated heatmap.

## Video, Further Resources & Summary

Do you need more explanations on how to visualize a correlation matrix in Python Matplotlib and seaborn? Then you should have a look at the following YouTube video of the Statistics Globe YouTube channel.

In the video, we explain how to visualize a correlation matrix in Python Matplotlib and seaborn.

*The YouTube video will be added soon.*

So we have demonstrated how to visualize a correlation matrix in Python Matplotlib and seaborn. Furthermore, you could have a look at some of the other interesting Matplotlib and seaborn tutorials on Statistics Globe:

- Set Color by Group in Plot in Python Matplotlib & seaborn (2 Examples)
- Rotate Axis Text in Python Matplotlib & seaborn (2 Examples)
- Add Grid to Plot in Python Matplotlib & seaborn (2 Examples)
- Set Axis Limits of Plot in Python Matplotlib & seaborn (2 Examples)
- Save Plot to Image File in Python Matplotlib & seaborn (2 Examples)
- Introduction to Python Programming

This post has shown how to **visualize a correlation matrix in Python Matplotlib and seaborn**. I hope you found it helpful! In case you have further questions, you may leave a comment below.

This page was created in collaboration with Ifeanyi Idiaye. You might check out Ifeanyiâ€™s personal author page to read more about his academic background and the other articles he has written for the Statistics Globe website.