# Remove Row & Column Names from Matrix in R (2 Examples)

In this article you’ll learn how to **drop all row and column names of a matrix object** in R.

Table of contents:

Let’s start right away!

## Example Data

We use the following data as basement for this R tutorial:

mat <- matrix(1:20, ncol = 5) # Create example matrix rownames(mat) <- paste0("row", 1:nrow(mat)) colnames(mat) <- paste0("col", 1:ncol(mat)) mat # Print example matrix |

mat <- matrix(1:20, ncol = 5) # Create example matrix rownames(mat) <- paste0("row", 1:nrow(mat)) colnames(mat) <- paste0("col", 1:ncol(mat)) mat # Print example matrix

Table 1 visualizes the output of the RStudio console and shows the structure of our exemplifying matrix: It consists of four rows and five variables.

## Example 1: Remove Row Names from Matrix Using rownames() Function

In this example, I’ll show how to drop row names of a matrix object using the rownames function and NULL.

Have a look at the following R code and its output:

rownames(mat) <- NULL # Delete row names mat # Print updated matrix |

rownames(mat) <- NULL # Delete row names mat # Print updated matrix

By running the previous R code we have managed to construct Table 2, i.e. a matrix without row names.

## Example 2: Remove Column Names from Matrix Using colnames() Function

This section shows how to remove variable names from our matrix using the colnames function.

Similar to the previous example, we can assign NULL to our column names to remove all names from our data:

colnames(mat) <- NULL # Delete column names mat # Print updated matrix |

colnames(mat) <- NULL # Delete column names mat # Print updated matrix

In Table 3 it is shown that we have created a matrix without column names by running the previous syntax.

## Video & Further Resources

I have recently published a video on my YouTube channel, which shows the R programming syntax of this tutorial. You can find the video below:

*The YouTube video will be added soon.*

Furthermore, you might want to read the related articles of my homepage. I have released numerous articles about matrices already:

- Convert Values in Column into Row Names of Data Frame
- Subset Data Frame and Matrix by Row Names
- Convert Row Names into Column of Data Frame
- Extract Values from Matrix by Column & Row Names
- R Programming Tutorials

This article has illustrated how to **unname matrix objects** in the R programming language. In case you have additional questions, don’t hesitate to let me know in the comments section.

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