# How to Create a Vector of Zeros in R (5 Examples)

In this R tutorial you’ll learn how to **declare a vector or array containing only zeros**.

The article will contain these topics:

Let’s get started.

## Example 1: Creating Vector of Zeros Using rep() Function

Example 1 illustrates how to create a vector consisting of zeros using the rep function.

x1 <- rep(0, 5) # Applying rep() function x1 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0 |

x1 <- rep(0, 5) # Applying rep() function x1 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0

The RStudio console returns the result of the previous R code: A vector of length five consisting only of zeros.

## Example 2: Creating Vector of Zeros Using rep() Function & 0L

Alternatively to the R syntax shown in Example 1, we can also specify 0L instead of 0 within the rep function:

x2 <- rep(0L, 5) # Applying rep() function x2 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0 |

x2 <- rep(0L, 5) # Applying rep() function x2 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0

## Example 3: Creating Vector of Zeros Using numeric() Function

We can also use the numeric function to construct a vector of zeros. For this, we simply have to specify the length of the vector within the numeric function:

x3 <- numeric(5) # Applying numeric() function x3 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0 |

x3 <- numeric(5) # Applying numeric() function x3 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0

## Example 4: Creating Vector of Zeros Using integer() Function

Similar to Example 3, we can use the integer function to create a vector of zeros.

x4 <- integer(5) # Applying integer() function x4 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0 |

x4 <- integer(5) # Applying integer() function x4 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0

## Example 5: Creating Vector of Zeros Using c() Function

Last but not least, we can also use the c function to construct an array or vector containing zeros (even though the c function might be inconvenient for longer vector objects):

x5 <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0) # Applying c() function x5 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0 |

x5 <- c(0, 0, 0, 0, 0) # Applying c() function x5 # Printing vector to RStudio console # 0 0 0 0 0

## Video & Further Resources

Have a look at the following video of my YouTube channel. I’m explaining the R programming syntax of this article in the video:

*The YouTube video will be added soon.*

Besides the video, you may want to have a look at the other articles of my website. Some articles about creating data objects are listed below.

- Create Comma Separated Vector in R
- How to Create a Vector of Zero Length
- All R Programming Tutorials

To summarize: You learned in this tutorial how to **create a vector of zeros** in the R programming language. Please let me know in the comments, if you have further questions.

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