# Calculate Mode in Python (4 Examples)

In this article, I’ll explain how to **find the mode** in the Python programming language.

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## Example 1: Mode of List Object

In this example, I’ll demonstrate how to find the mode in a list object in the Python programming language.

Let’s first create an example list:

my_list = ['x', 'x', 'y', 'x', 'z', 'z'] # Create example list print(my_list) # Print example list # ['x', 'x', 'y', 'x', 'z', 'z'] |

my_list = ['x', 'x', 'y', 'x', 'z', 'z'] # Create example list print(my_list) # Print example list # ['x', 'x', 'y', 'x', 'z', 'z']

In the next step, we have to import the statistics module:

import statistics # Load statistics |

import statistics # Load statistics

Now, we can apply the mode function provided by the statistics module to calculate the mode of our example list:

print(statistics.mode(my_list)) # Get mode of list # x |

print(statistics.mode(my_list)) # Get mode of list # x

As you can see, the most common value in our list is the character x.

## Example 2: Mode of One Particular Column in pandas DataFrame

The following Python programming syntax explains how to get the mode of a specific column in a pandas DataFrame.

First, we have to import the pandas library:

import pandas as pd # Load pandas library |

import pandas as pd # Load pandas library

Next, we have to create an exemplifying pandas DataFrame:

data = pd.DataFrame({'x1':[5, 2, 7, 3, 4, 4, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 5], # Create pandas DataFrame 'x2':['y', 'x', 'x', 'z', 'x', 'y', 'y', 'x', 'z', 'x', 'z', 'x'], 'group':['A', 'C', 'B', 'B', 'A', 'C', 'A', 'A', 'C', 'B', 'B', 'A']}) print(data) # Print pandas DataFrame |

data = pd.DataFrame({'x1':[5, 2, 7, 3, 4, 4, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 5], # Create pandas DataFrame 'x2':['y', 'x', 'x', 'z', 'x', 'y', 'y', 'x', 'z', 'x', 'z', 'x'], 'group':['A', 'C', 'B', 'B', 'A', 'C', 'A', 'A', 'C', 'B', 'B', 'A']}) print(data) # Print pandas DataFrame

By running the previous syntax, we have created Table 1, i.e. a new pandas DataFrame that contains three columns.

Finally, we can apply the mode function to a certain column of our data set (i.e. x1) as shown below:

print(data['x1'].mode()) # Get mode of one column # 0 2 # dtype: int64 |

print(data['x1'].mode()) # Get mode of one column # 0 2 # dtype: int64

The previous output shows that the mode of the variable x1 is 2.

## Example 3: Mode of All Columns in pandas DataFrame

The following Python programming syntax shows how to return the most common value in each variable of our pandas DataFrame.

Consider the Python syntax below:

print(data.mode()) # Get mode of all columns # x1 x2 group # 0 2 x A |

print(data.mode()) # Get mode of all columns # x1 x2 group # 0 2 x A

As you can see, the mode of the column x1 is 2, the mode of the column x2 is x, and the mode of the column group is A.

## Example 4: Mode by Group in pandas DataFrame

In this example, I’ll explain how to GroupBy a pandas DataFrame and select the most common value.

For this task, we have to use the groupby, agg, and value_counts functions as shown in the following Python code:

print(data.groupby('group').agg(lambda x:x.value_counts().index[0])) # Get mode by group # x1 x2 # group # A 5 x # B 1 z # C 2 y |

print(data.groupby('group').agg(lambda x:x.value_counts().index[0])) # Get mode by group # x1 x2 # group # A 5 x # B 1 z # C 2 y

The mode values for each column and group are shown in the output above.

## Video, Further Resources & Summary

Would you like to learn more about the calculation of the mode in a list and a pandas DataFrame column? Then you may have a look at the following video that I have published on my YouTube channel. In the video, I explain the content of this article.

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Furthermore, you could have a look at the related tutorials on this homepage:

- Calculate Mode by Group in Python
- mode() & multimode() Functions of statistics Module
- Mode of NumPy Array in Python
- Mean of Columns & Rows of pandas DataFrame
- Calculate Median in Python
- Summary Statistics of pandas DataFrame in Python
- Introduction to the pandas Library in Python
- Python Programming Examples

You have learned in this tutorial how to **calculate the mode in a list or a pandas DataFrame column** in Python programming. Tell me about it in the comments section below, if you have any further questions.