# Calculate Median by Group in Python (2 Examples)

In this Python programming tutorial youâ€™ll learn how to **compute the median by group**.

The content of the tutorial looks like this:

Letâ€™s dive right in:

## Example Data & Software Libraries

We first need to load the pandas library:

import pandas as pd # Load pandas library

Letâ€™s also create some example data in Python:

data = pd.DataFrame({'x1':[6, 5, 2, 2, 5, 1, 5, 6, 1, 8], # Create pandas DataFrame 'x2':range(9, 19), 'group1':['A', 'B', 'B', 'A', 'C', 'A', 'C', 'B', 'B', 'A'], 'group2':['a', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'b', 'b', 'b', 'b']}) print(data) # Print pandas DataFrame

Table 1 visualizes the structure of the example pandas DataFrame â€“ It consists of ten rows and four columns. The variables x1 and x2 are floats and the variables group1 and group2 are are group and subgroup indicators.

## Example 1: Median by Group in pandas DataFrame

In this example, Iâ€™ll illustrate how to calculate the median by group based on one group column.

For this task, we have to apply the groupby and median functions as shown below:

print(data.groupby('group1').median()) # Get median by group # x1 x2 # group1 # A 4.0 13.0 # B 3.5 13.5 # C 5.0 14.0

The previous output shows six median values â€“ one for each group in each of the two float columns.

## Example 2: Median by Group & Subgroup in pandas DataFrame

We can also specify multiple group columns to define main and subgroups.

Consider the Python syntax below:

print(data.groupby(['group1', 'group2']).median()) # Get median by multiple groups # x1 x2 # group1 group2 # A a 2.0 12.0 # b 8.0 18.0 # B a 3.5 10.5 # b 3.5 16.5 # C a 5.0 13.0 # b 5.0 15.0

## Video & Further Resources

Some time ago, I have published a video on the Statistics Globe YouTube channel, which shows the topics of this article. You can find the video below:

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Additionally, you might want to read some of the other tutorials on my website. You can find some articles below:

- Calculate Median in Python
- Get Median of Array with np.median Function of NumPy Library
- median Function of statistics Module
- Calculate Mean in Python
- Calculate Mode in Python
- Introduction to the pandas Library in Python
- Python Programming Language

You have learned in this article how to **calculate and find the median value by group** in Python programming. If you have further questions, please let me know in the comments section. Furthermore, please subscribe to my email newsletter to receive updates on the newest articles.