# Repeat Rows of Data Frame N Times in R (2 Examples)

This tutorial illustrates how to **create (multiple) duplicates of each row of a data frame** in the R programming language.

The article will consist of these contents:

Letâ€™s do this.

## Creation of Example Data

Consider the following example data:

data <- data.frame(x1 = 1:5, x2 = LETTERS[1:5]) data # x1 x2 # 1 1 A # 2 2 B # 3 3 C # 4 4 D # 5 5 E

The previous output of the RStudio console shows that our example data contains five rows and two columns.

## Example 1: Create Repetitions of Data Frame Rows Using Base R

This Example illustrates how to create repetitions of our data frame rows. Letâ€™s assume that we want to repeat each line of our matrix three times. Then, we can use the rep, seq_len, and nrow functions as shown below:

data_new_1 <- data[rep(seq_len(nrow(data)), each = 3), ] # Base R data_new_1 # x1 x2 # 1 1 A # 1.1 1 A # 1.2 1 A # 2 2 B # 2.1 2 B # 2.2 2 B # 3 3 C # 3.1 3 C # 3.2 3 C # 4 4 D # 4.1 4 D # 4.2 4 D # 5 5 E # 5.1 5 E # 5.2 5 E

The previous output is showing our result: A data frame with three duplicates of each row. Note that the row names are numerated with .1, .2 and so on.

## Example 2: Create Repetitions of Data Frame Rows Using dplyr Package

This Section illustrates how to duplicate lines of a data table (or a tibble) using the dplyr package. In case we want to use the functions of the dplyr package, we first need to install and load dplyr:

install.packages("dplyr") # Install dplyr package library("dplyr") # Load dplyr package

Now, we can apply the slice, rep, and n functions as follows:

data_new_2 <- data %>% slice(rep(1:n(), each = 3)) # dplyr package data_new_2 # x1 x2 # 1 1 A # 2 1 A # 3 1 A # 4 2 B # 5 2 B # 6 2 B # 7 3 C # 8 3 C # 9 3 C # 10 4 D # 11 4 D # 12 4 D # 13 5 E # 14 5 E # 15 5 E

The values contained in the output data are the same as in Example 1. However, when using the dplyr package the row names have a range from 1 to the number of rows of your data.

## Video, Further Resources & Summary

I have recently published a video on my YouTube channel, which illustrates the examples of this article. You can find the video below.

*The YouTube video will be added soon.*

Furthermore, you might have a look at the related articles of this website:

- rep Function in R
- The nrow Function in R
- Introduction to dplyr Package in R
- How to Remove Duplicated Rows from Data Frame in R
- The R Programming Language

In this R tutorial you learned how to **repeat lines of a matrix table**. Let me know in the comments section below, if you have any additional questions or comments.

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## 2 Comments. Leave new

I would like to ask How can I make a bubble sort algorithm in ascending order which show by an animation.Thxx

Hey Francis,

Unfortunately, I’m not an expert on this topic. However, I have recently created a Facebook discussion group where people can ask questions about R programming and statistics. Could you post your question there? This way, others can contribute/read as well: https://www.facebook.com/groups/statisticsglobe

Regards,

Joachim