# Find Index of All Matching Elements in List in Python (3 Examples)

Hi! This tutorial will show you how to **determine the index of all matching elements in lists** in the Python programming language.

Here is an overview:

Letâ€™s jump into the Python code!

## Create Sample List

We will here create the sample Python list of integers that we will use in the examples in this tutorial.

So, in your Python programming IDE, run the code below to create the sample list:

my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 5, 2] print(my_list) # [1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 5, 2] print(type(my_list)) # <class 'list'>

Now that we have created the sample list, we will examine three ways to return the indexes of all matching elements in the list.

The target element variable, the indexes of whose matching elements we will find, is defined below:

target_element = 2

## Example 1: Determine Index of All Matching Elements in List Using for Loop & enumerate() Function

In this first example, we will use a for loop along with the enumerate() function to get the index of all the matching elements in the list:

matching_indices = [] for i,e in enumerate(my_list): if e == target_element: matching_indices.append(i) print(matching_indices) # [1, 4, 6] print(type(matching_indices)) # <class 'list'>

Here, an empty list called `matching_indices`

is created to store the indices of elements that match the target element.

The for loop iterates over the elements of `my_list`

using the `enumerate()`

function, which provides both the index `i`

and element `e`

at each iteration as a tuple.

It checks if the current element `e`

is equal to `target_element`

. If there is a match, the current index `i`

is appended to `matching_indices`

.

Finally, the list of matching indices is printed using the print() function.

## Example 2: Determine Index of All Matching Elements in List Using List Comprehension

In this second example, we will use list comprehension to obtain the index of all matching elements in the list:

matching_indices = [i for i in range(len(my_list)) if my_list[i] == target_element] print(matching_indices) # [1, 4, 6] print(type(matching_indices)) # <class 'list'>

In the above example, we used a list comprehension to find the indices of all elements in `my_list`

that match `target_element`

.

The list comprehension creates a new list called `matching_indices`

by iterating over the indices of `my_list`

using the range() function.

For each index `i`

, it checks if the element at that index `my_list[i]`

is equal to `target_element`

. If there is a match, the index `i`

is included in `matching_indices`

.

Finally, the resulting list of matching indices is printed to the console using the `print()`

function.

## Example 3: Determine Index of All Matching Elements in List Using NumPy

For this final example, we will need to install and import Pythonâ€™s NumPy library, if you do not already have it installed and imported:

# install NumPy pip install numpy # import NumPy import numpy as np

With NumPy installed and imported, let us now use some of it available function to get the index of all matching elements in the list:

my_array = np.array(my_list) matching_indices = np.where(my_array == target_element)[0] print(matching_indices) # [1 4 6] print(type(matching_indices)) # <class 'numpy.ndarray'>

In this example, we first convert `my_list`

into a NumPy array called `my_array`

using the np.array() function.

Then, we use the np.where() function to search for elements in `my_array`

that are equal to `target_element`

.

The `np.where()`

function returns a tuple with indices where the condition is true, and in this case, we access the first element of the tuple `[0]`

to retrieve the matching indices.

Finally, the resulting `matching_indices`

is printed to the console.

## Video, Further Resources & Summary

Do you need more explanations on how to find the index of all matching elements in a list in Python? Then you should have a look at the following YouTube video of the Statistics Globe YouTube channel.

In the video, we explain in some more detail how to find the index of all matching elements in a list in Python.

*The YouTube video will be added soon.*

Furthermore, I encourage you to check out other interesting Python list tutorials on Statistics Globe, starting with these ones:

- Append to 2D List in Python (3 Examples)
- Transpose 2D List in Python (3 Examples)
- Introduction to List in Python
- count() Method for Lists in Python (2 Examples)
- count() Find Index in List of Lists in Python (3 Examples)
- Introduction to Python Programming

This post has shown, using three examples, how to **find the index of all matching elements in a list in Python**. Your use case will determine which of the solutions to adopt.

I do hope you found this tutorial helpful! In case you have further questions, you may leave a comment below.

This page was created in collaboration with Ifeanyi Idiaye. You might check out Ifeanyiâ€™s personal author page to read more about his academic background and the other articles he has written for the Statistics Globe website.

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