# Convert Numeric Values to Month Names & Abbreviations R (2 Examples)

In this article, Iâ€™ll illustrate how to extract month names and abbreviations based on a numeric month vector in R.

Letâ€™s get started.

## Creating Exemplifying Data

The following data is used as basement for this R programming language tutorial:

```my_months_num <- c(3, 1, 12, 3, 7)             # Create numeric vector of months
my_months_num                                  # Print numeric vector of months
# [1]  3  1 12  3  7```

Have a look at the previously shown output of the RStudio console. It shows that our example data is a vector containing five numeric vector elements. These vector elements represent certain months of the year.

## Example 1: Convert Numeric Vector to Month Names Using month.name Object

In this example, Iâ€™ll explain how to select month names that correspond to our numeric vector by using the month.name object.

The month.name object is a predefined object in the R programming language that contains each of the twelve months in a vector of character strings.

We can subset this vector to convert our numeric vector to a vector of month names as shown below:

```my_months_name <- month.name[my_months_num]    # Convert numeric to month names
my_months_name                                 # Print month names
# [1] "March"    "January"  "December" "March"    "July"```

Have a look at the RStudio console output: As you can see, we have created a vector of month names with the previous R syntax.

## Example 2: Convert Numeric Vector to Month Abbreviations Using month.abb Object

The following R programming syntax illustrates how to use the month.abb object to create a vector of month abbreviations.

Similar to the previous example, we can subset the month.abb data object like this:

```my_months_abb <- month.abb[my_months_num]      # Convert numeric to month abbreviations
my_months_abb                                  # Print month abbreviations
# [1] "Mar" "Jan" "Dec" "Mar" "Jul"```

As you can see, the previous R code has created a vector of month abbreviations.

## Video & Further Resources

Have a look at the following video instruction of my YouTube channel. In the video, I illustrate the content of this page.

Furthermore, you might want to read the related tutorials of this website. Some interesting tutorials are listed below.