Get List of Column Names Grouped by Data Type in Python (Example)

 

This page illustrates how to return a list of column names grouped by the type of the column in Python.

The content of the page is structured as follows:

It’s time to dive into the example…

 

Example Data & Add-On Libraries

First, we need to load the pandas library:

import pandas as pd                                    # Import pandas library in Python

We also need to create some data that we can use in the example syntax below:

data = pd.DataFrame({'x1':['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'],  # Create example DataFrame
                     'x2':range(6, 1, - 1),
                     'x3':[2, 5, 5, 8, 3],
                     'x4':['x', 'x', 'x', 'x', 'x'],
                     'x5':range(1, 6)})
print(data)                                           # Print example DataFrame

 

table 1 DataFrame get list column names grouped data type python

 

Have a look at the previous table. It shows that our example data consists of five rows and the five columns “x1”, “x2”, “x3”, “x4”, and “x5”.

 

Example: Return Column Names Grouped by Data Types Using to_series() & groupby() Functions

This example shows how to create a list containing the variable names of a pandas DataFrame sorted by data type group.

For this, we can apply the to_series function in combination with the groupby() function.

Have a look at the following Python syntax and its output:

print(data.columns.to_series().groupby(data.dtypes).groups)
# {int64: ['x2', 'x3', 'x5'], object: ['x1', 'x4']}

As you can see, we have created a list containing the column names of our pandas DataFrame ordered by data type

 

Video, Further Resources & Summary

Do you want to learn more about the creation of a list of column names grouped by the data type? Then you might want to have a look at the following video on the YouTube channel of Erik Marsja. He demonstrates in six different examples how to get the column names of a pandas DataFrame using the Python programming language:

 

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Besides the video, you may want to read some of the other tutorials on this homepage. You can find some articles below.

 

Summary: On this page, I have explained how to return a list of column names grouped by the data type in the Python programming language. If you have any further questions and/or comments, tell me about it in the comments section.

 

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