GDP of Morocco | Historical Growth & Country Comparison

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is an essential economic indicator that measures the overall economic output of a country. This page examines Morocco’s GDP, highlighting its growth patterns, economic sectors, and comparisons with other countries in North Africa and beyond. Understanding Morocco’s GDP dynamics offers insights into its economic stability and potential for development.


GDP of Morocco Over Time

Morocco’s GDP has experienced steady growth over the past few decades, supported by a diverse economic base and strategic reforms aimed at enhancing economic flexibility and attracting foreign investment. The country’s commitment to upgrading infrastructure and expanding its manufacturing and tourism sectors has bolstered economic performance. The graph below depicts Morocco’s GDP growth over time, illustrating how various sectors have contributed to its economy.

Morocco GDP Over Time


Components of Morocco’s GDP

The Moroccan economy is characterized by a robust and diverse sectoral composition:

  • Agriculture: A key sector that employs a large portion of the workforce and contributes significantly to GDP, especially through exports of fruits, vegetables, and other agricultural products.
  • Manufacturing: Includes automotive and aerospace industries, which have seen significant growth and investment in recent years.
  • Tourism: A vital part of the economy, with Morocco being a popular destination for tourists seeking its unique cultural and scenic attractions.
  • Services: The service sector, including financial services, retail, and telecommunications, plays an increasingly important role in the economy.
  • Mining: Morocco is one of the world’s largest producers of phosphate, a major contributor to its GDP and export earnings.

These sectors collectively support the stability and growth of Morocco’s economy, providing a balanced mix of traditional and modern economic activities.


Comparison of Morocco’s GDP with Other African Countries

Morocco stands out as one of the leading economies in Africa due to its strategic location and diversified economy. The country’s GDP compares favorably with other nations in North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa, reflecting its role as a major economic player in the continent. The graph below shows Morocco’s GDP in comparison with other African countries, highlighting its economic stature and growth over the years.

GDP Comparison with African Countries


Real GDP vs. Nominal GDP in Morocco

Nominal GDP calculates the total economic output based on current prices, which can be misleading in times of high inflation or deflation. Real GDP, adjusted for inflation, offers a more accurate measure of economic growth and performance. In Morocco, where economic reforms and inflation control are pivotal, real GDP provides crucial insights into the actual economic improvements and the effectiveness of governmental policies.


GDP Per Capita in Morocco

GDP per capita is an important indicator of the average economic output per person and is often used to assess the standard of living in a country. In Morocco, while GDP growth has been robust, GDP per capita growth has been moderate, highlighting the challenges of ensuring that economic benefits are widely shared across the population. This measure is particularly important in evaluating the success of Morocco’s efforts to improve living standards and reduce economic disparities.


Future Projections: Morocco’s GDP Growth

The future outlook for Morocco’s GDP is positive, with expectations of continued growth driven by investments in key sectors such as renewable energy, tourism, and manufacturing. The government’s ongoing commitment to economic reform and infrastructure development is likely to further stimulate growth and enhance the country’s economic resilience.


Challenges Affecting Morocco’s GDP Growth

Morocco faces several economic challenges that could impact its future growth:

  • Economic Diversification: Continued efforts are needed to reduce dependency on agriculture, which is highly vulnerable to climatic conditions.
  • Unemployment: High unemployment rates, particularly among the youth and women, remain a significant economic and social issue.
  • Global Market Fluctuations: As an economy heavily reliant on exports, Morocco is susceptible to changes in global market conditions, which can affect its economic stability.

Addressing these challenges is essential for Morocco to sustain its economic growth and ensure that it leads to broad-based improvements in living conditions.



As Morocco continues to progress and adapt to both regional and global economic shifts, understanding its GDP and the factors influencing its growth is crucial. With strategic investments and effective economic policies, Morocco can harness its full potential, achieving sustainable development and improved quality of life for its citizens.


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