R Error: unexpected ‘}’ in Code (2 Examples)


In this R article you’ll learn how to fix the error message “unexpected ‘}’ in X”.

Table of contents:

Let’s jump right to the examples…


Example 1: Reproduce the Error – unexpected ‘}’ in X

This Example illustrates how to reproduce the R programming error “unexpected ‘}’ in X”. Consider the following if statement:

if(TRUE) { "x" }}        # Reproducing the error
# Error: unexpected '}' in "if(TRUE) { "x" }}"

The RStudio console returned the error message “unexpected ‘}’ in X”.

The reason for this is that we used one curly bracket too much at the end of our code. This can easily happen when if else statements or in user-defined functions are getting more complex.


Example 2: Fix the Error – unexpected ‘}’ in X

Example 2 shows how to properly apply curly brackets in R. Compare the following syntax with the R code of Example 1:

if(TRUE) { "x" }         # Fixing the error
# [1] "x"

This time, the if statement worked fine, because we used only one curly bracket at the end of our code.


Video & Further Resources

Have a look at the following video of my YouTube channel. I’m explaining the R code of this article in the video.


The YouTube video will be added soon.


Furthermore, you might have a look at the other R articles of my website. I have published several tutorials already:


On this page you learned how to deal with the error “unexpected ‘}’ in X” in the R programming language. Don’t hesitate to let me know in the comments section below, in case you have additional comments or questions.


Subscribe to the Statistics Globe Newsletter

Get regular updates on the latest tutorials, offers & news at Statistics Globe.
I hate spam & you may opt out anytime: Privacy Policy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Fill out this field
Fill out this field
Please enter a valid email address.