# R Error: Subscript Out of Bounds (Example)

In this R tutorial you’ll learn how to **fix the error message subscript out of bounds**.

The article is structured as follows:

Let’s start right away.

## Creating Example Data

First, we’ll have to create some example data:

my_mat <- matrix(1:20, ncol = 5) # Create example matrix my_mat # Print example matrix # [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] # [1,] 1 5 9 13 17 # [2,] 2 6 10 14 18 # [3,] 3 7 11 15 19 # [4,] 4 8 12 16 20 |

my_mat <- matrix(1:20, ncol = 5) # Create example matrix my_mat # Print example matrix # [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] # [1,] 1 5 9 13 17 # [2,] 2 6 10 14 18 # [3,] 3 7 11 15 19 # [4,] 4 8 12 16 20

Have a look at the previous output of the RStudio console. It shows that our example data is a numeric matrix consisting of four rows and five columns.

## Example: Reproducing & Solving the Error: Subscript Out of Bounds

This Example shows the reason why the error message “subscript out of bounds” occurs.

Let’s assume that we want to extract certain rows or columns of our matrix. Then we could apply the following R code:

my_mat[3, ] # Printing third row of matrix # [1] 3 7 11 15 19 |

my_mat[3, ] # Printing third row of matrix # [1] 3 7 11 15 19

As you can see in the previous output, we extracted the third row of our data set.

Now, let’s assume that we want to extract a row that doesn’t exist in our data (i.e. the 10th row):

my_mat[10, ] # Trying to print tenth row of matrix # Error in my_mat[10, ] : subscript out of bounds |

my_mat[10, ] # Trying to print tenth row of matrix # Error in my_mat[10, ] : subscript out of bounds

Then the R programming language returns the error message “subscript out of bounds”.

In other words: If you are receiving the error message “subscript out of bounds” you should check whether you are trying to use a data element that does not exist in your data.

## Video, Further Resources & Summary

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## 6 Comments. Leave new

The dimension of the data is 2592 by 2 and I do like to create area weighted value but it gives me an error subscript out of bounds. Kindly please help me to solve the problem, thank you very much.

dim(temp)

[1] 2592 2

for(j in 3:1647) {for (i in 1:2592) {if(temp[i,j]> -290.0) {areaw[i,j]=veca[i]} }}

Error in temp[i, j] : subscript out of bounds

Hey Goitom,

Could you explain what you want to do with this part of the code: for(j in 3:1647) ?

Regards,

Joachim

Dear Joachim,

Thank you very much for your fast replay, the objective is to make a time series plot for a specific region by sub-setting data from a large domain. The data has missing value with -999.9 , the missing value has to be replaced by zero

#36-by-72 boxes and Jan1880-Jan2016=1633 months + lat and lon

areaw=matrix(0,nrow=2592,ncol = 1647)

dim(areaw)

#[1] 2592 1647

areaw[,1]=temp[,1]

areaw[,2]=temp[,2]

#create an area-weight matrix equal to cosine box with data and zero for missing

dim(temp)

#[1] 2592 2

for(j in 3:1647) {for (i in 1:2592) {if(temp[i,j]> -290.0) {areaw[i,j]=veca[i]} }}

Error in temp[i, j] : subscript out of bounds

#

#—- After the error is fixed the next step will be this below script

#area-weight data matrixs first two columns as lat-lon

tempw=areaw*temp

tempw[,1:2]=temp[,1:2]

#create monthly global average vector for 1645 months

#Jan 1880- Jan 2017

avev=colSums(tempw[,3:1647])/colSums(areaw[,3:1647])

#

#

#area-weight data matrixs first two columns as lat-lon

tempw=areaw*temp

tempw[,1:2]=temp[,1:2]

#create monthly global average vector for 1645 months

#Jan 1880- Jan 2017

avev=colSums(tempw[,3:1647])/colSums(areaw[,3:1647])

#

#

timemo=seq(1880,2017,length=1645)

plot(timemo,avev,type=”l”, cex.lab=1.4,

xlab=”Year”, ylab=”Temperature anomaly [oC]”,

main=”Area-weighted global average of monthly SAT anomalies: Jan 1880-Jan 2017″)

abline(lm(avev ~ timemo),col=”blue”,lwd=2)

text(1930,0.7, “Linear trend: 0.69 [oC] per century”,

cex=1.4, col=”blue”)

#

Again thank you very much for your kindly help

If you want to replace the missing values (i.e. -999.9) by 0, you may simply use the following code:

I do not understand what you are trying to do with this part of the code: for(j in 3:1647) {for (i in 1:2592) {if(temp[i,j]> -290.0) {areaw[i,j]=veca[i]} }}

However, maybe the missing value replacement above already solves your problem?

Regards,

Joachim

Dear Joachim,

Thank you very much for your time, the missing data is replaced to zero based on your code. I will late know the remained part and I will come again with a clear figure and question, dear.

Blessed day

Best Regards

Goitom Kelem

Glad it was helpful! 🙂

Regards,

Joachim