Convert List to Linked List & Vice-Versa in Python (2 Examples)
Hi! This tutorial will show you how to transform a list into a linked list and vice-versa in the Python programming language.
Here is an overview:
Let’s jump into the Python code!
Create Example List
Therefore, in your preferred Python programming IDE, run the code below to create the example list:
# sample list my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] # print my_list print(my_list) # [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] # print type of my_list print(type(my_list)) # <class 'list'>
In this first example, we will convert the list into a linked list. Therefore, run the code below:
# create linked list class NodeList: def __init__(self, val = 0, next = None): self.val = val self.next = next # create first node as head head = NodeList(my_list) current = head # loop through list to create nodes and link them together for item in my_list[1:]: current.next = NodeList(item) current = current.next # print linked list current = head while current is not None: print(current.val) current = current.next # 1 # 2 # 3 # 4 # 5
In the above example, we start by defining a
NodeList class representing individual elements of the linked list, with each node having a
val attribute to store the element and a
next attribute to point to the next node.
Next, we create the first node, called the
head, using the first element of
my_list. After creating the first node and designating it as the head of the linked list,
current is initialized to point to the same node. This is a common practice in linked list traversal, where the current node is used to iterate through the linked list.
Then we iterate through the remaining elements in
my_list. Inside the for loop, a new node is created using
NodeList(item) with the current item from the iteration. This node is intended to represent the next element in the linked list. It’s attached as the next attribute of the current node. This essentially connects the current node to the newly created node, extending the linked list.
After connecting the current node to the newly created node,
current is updated to point to the newly created node through
current = current.next. This ensures that in the next iteration of the loop,
current will refer to the newly added node, allowing the loop to continue adding nodes to the end of the linked list.
Finally, we print the elements of the linked list by traversing it from the head to the end, demonstrating the conversion of the Python list into a linked list and the ability to access its elements sequentially.
In this next example, we will change the linked list back into a list:
# create empty list new_list =  # start from head current = head # traverse through linked list while current is not None: new_list.append(current.val) current = current.next # print new_list print(new_list) # [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Here, we create a new empty list called
new_list. Then we use a while loop to traverse the linked list, starting from the head node and moving through the list node by node.
During each iteration of the loop, we append the value (denoted as
current.val) of the current node to
new_list. This process continues until the end of the linked list is reached, at which point the loop terminates.
Finally, the contents of
new_list are printed using the print() function, effectively converting the elements of the linked list into a Python list.
Video, Further Resources & Summary
Do you need more explanations on how to convert a list into a linked list and vice-versa in Python? Then you should have a look at the following YouTube video of the Statistics Globe YouTube channel.
In the video, we explain in some more detail how to convert a list into a linked list and vice-versa in Python.
The YouTube video will be added soon.
With that, we have demonstrated how to convert a list to a linked list and vice-versa in Python. Furthermore, you could have a look at some of the other interesting Python list tutorials on Statistics Globe:
- Iterate Through 2D List in Python (2 Examples)
- Are Lists Mutable in Python
- Print 2D Lists in Python (2 Examples)
- Zip Lists in Python (Example)
- Get Index of Item in 2D List in Python (2 Examples)
- Introduction to Python Programming
This post has shown how to convert a list into a linked list and vice-versa in Python. I hope you enjoyed reading this post! In case you have further questions, you may leave a comment below.
This page was created in collaboration with Ifeanyi Idiaye. You might check out Ifeanyi’s personal author page to read more about his academic background and the other articles he has written for the Statistics Globe website.