Compare List & String in Python (2 Examples)
In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to compare a list and a string in Python Programming Language. Comparing a list and a string involves checking if certain elements or patterns exist in both data structures or determining their common elements. We’ll explore different methods to achieve this comparison.
The table of contents is structured as follows:
Let’s get started!
Initializing Sample List and String
Firstly, let’s initialize some sample lists and a sample string:
# Initializing sample lists substrings = ["Hello", "World"] my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] # Initializing a sample string my_string = "Hello 2 the World!"
This creates the lists,
substrings, containing some elements, and a string,
my_string, containing a text.
Example 1: Compare Substring List with String
One way to compare a list containing substrings and a string is to check if the elements of the list exist in the string via list comprehension. Here’s an example:
# Checking the existence of the strings in the list common_substrings = [substring for substring in substrings if substring in my_string] print(common_substrings) # ['Hello', 'World']
In this example, we use ist comprehension to iterate over the substrings and check if each substring exists in the string. The substrings that are common to both the list and the string are stored in the
common_substrings list and then displayed in the output. For other alternatives to finding substrings in a list, see Find Substring within List of Strings in Python.
Example 2: Checking Numeric List with String
# Checking the existence of the string in the list common_elements = [elem for elem in my_list if str(elem) in my_string] print(common_elements) # 
In this example, we use a list comprehension to iterate over the elements of the list and check if each element, converted to a string, exists in the string. The elements that are common to both the list and the string are stored in the
common_elements list and then displayed in the output.
Video, Further Resources & Summary
In this tutorial, we explored different methods to compare a list and a string in Python. We learned how to check the existence of numerical and string elements of a list in a string. These techniques can be helpful in scenarios where you need to find common elements or patterns between a list and a string.
Do you need more explanations on looping through a list of integers in Python? Then you should have a look at the following YouTube video of the Statistics Globe YouTube channel.
The YouTube video will be added soon.
For more Python programming tutorials and examples, you can check out the following resources on Statistics Globe:
- Loop Through List of Strings in Python (3 Examples)
- Find Similar Strings in List in Python (3 Examples)
- Add String to Each Element in List in Python (4 Examples)
- Python Programming Language for Statistics & Data Science
- How to Use Lists in Python (13 Examples)
Now you have the knowledge and techniques to compare a list and a string in Python. Happy coding!
This page was created in collaboration with Ömer Ekiz. Have a look at Ömer’s author page to get more information about his professional background, a list of all his tutorials, as well as an overview of his other tasks on Statistics Globe.